Archaeological News: Scientists Finally Pinpoint the Pathogen That Caused the Irish Potato Famine
For nearly 150 years, starting in the late 17th century, millions of people living in Ireland subsisted largely off one crop: the potato. Then, in 1845, farmers noticed that their potato plants’ leaves were covered in mysterious dark splotches. When they pulled potatoes from the ground, most…
Dying for Ireland: A brief history of Irish Franchise - because everyone needs one
1800 Union, less than 1/8 have the vote.
1829 takes away vote from 40 shilling freeholders, makes it £10 suffrage. - reduces electorate by 1/6
1832: Great Reform Act - more far reaching effect in GB than in Ireland, 1/8 have the vote
1850 Franchise Act - enfranchises lots who LOST the vote in 1829 + more, by this time tenants have more land, demand more rights, —> this is post famine so landholding system has changed.
1867 2nd Reform Act - enfranchises the skilled working class, more affects Ulster than the rest of Ireland, as there are fewer skilled workers! 1/3 of them have the vote
1872 Secret Ballots Act — brings down power of Ascendancy
1883, corrupt ballots Act - can’t bribe
1884/5 3rd Reform Act. Many more constituencies. double the franchise (1/2)
1911 Parliament Act - lords has two years suspensive veto.
1918 Representation of the Peoples’ Act: men over 21, women over 30 100% franchise!
Taken in the years 1656-1658, the Down Survey of Ireland is the first ever detailed land survey on a national scale anywhere in the world. The survey sought to measure all the land to be forfeited by the Catholic Irish in order to facilitate its redistribution to Merchant Adventurers and English soldiers. Copies of these maps have survived in dozens of libraries and archives throughout Ireland and Britain, as well as in the National Library of France. This Project has brought together for the first time in over 300 years all the surviving maps, digitised them and made them available as a public online resource.
The world is quiet here: The Rose Tree
‘O words are lightly spoken,’
Said Pearse to Connolly,
‘Maybe a breath of politic words
Has withered our Rose Tree;
Or maybe but a wind that blows
Across the bitter sea.’
‘It needs to be but watered,’
James Connolly replied,
‘To make the green come out again
And spread on every side,
And shake the blossom from the bud
To be the garden’s pride.’
‘But where can we draw water,’
Said Pearse to Connolly,
‘When all the wells are parched away?
O plain as plain can be
There’s nothing but our own red blood
Can make a right Rose Tree.’
The day has passed for patching up the capitalist system; it must go. And in the work of abolishing it the Catholic and the Protestant, the Catholic and the Jew, the Catholic and the Freethinker, the Catholic and the Buddhist, the Catholic and the Mahometan will co-operate together, knowing no rivalry but the rivalry of endeavour toward an end beneficial to all. For, as we have said elsewhere, socialism is neither Protestant nor Catholic, Christian nor Freethinker, Buddhist, Mahometan, nor Jew; it is only Human. We of the socialist working class realise that as we suffer together we must work together that we may enjoy together. We reject the firebrand of capitalist warfare and offer you the olive leaf of brotherhood and justice to and for all.
James Connolly (1910) - Labour, Nationality & Religion (via whereangelsfear)